1 edition of epidemiology of posttransfusion hepatitis found in the catalog.
epidemiology of posttransfusion hepatitis
J. Garrott Allen
in Stanford, Calif
Written in English
Includes bibliographical references.
|Statement||[by] J. Garrott Allen.|
|LC Classifications||RC848.I6 A44|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ix, 335 p.|
|Number of Pages||335|
|LC Control Number||72078524|
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), the main etiological agent of the clinical entity, formerly known as Non-A, Non-B Hepatitis, was discovered in by Choo et al. HCV along with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is responsible for the majority of post-transfusion by: 5. Rapid progress has been made in the epidemiology, virology, pathogenesis and laboratory diagnosis of hepatitis A and B infections during the last 50 years. The widespread testing of blood donors for HBsAg by sensitive methods has dramatically reduced the incidence of post-transfusion hepatitis caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV).Author: Yohannes W. Yesus.
Antibody to hepatitis delta virus was found in 9 of patients ( per cent) with post-transfusion hepatitis, 5 of (2 per cent) with self-limited disease, and 4 of 28 ( per cent) with Cited by: Aliquots from units of blood previously transfused as part of a prospective post-transfuion hepatitis (PTH) study were rescreened for the presence of hepatitis B antibody (anti-HB8) to determine the effect of transfusion of such material. Anti-HBs was more common in commercial blood. Infusion of anti-HBs was not associated with an increased or decreased risk of PTH, hepatitis B, or hepatitis B Cited by:
Ni YH, Chang MH, Lue HC, et al. Posttransfusion hepatitis C virus infection in children. J Pediatr ; Murray KF, Richardson LP, Morishima C, et al. Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection and risk factors in an incarcerated juvenile population: a pilot study. Pediatrics ; Hepatitis C is an infectious hepatitis caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV).This systemic viral infection predominantly involves the liver hepatocytes and can result in both acute and chronic liver diseases.. HCV can also be detected in the peripheral blood, particularly in mononuclear cells. The extrahepatic pool of HCV is the major source of recurrent hepatitis C in orthotopic liver transplant.
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The Epidemiology of Posttransfusion Hepatitis. Basic Blood and Plasma Tabulations. The Epidemiology of Posttransfusion Hepatitis. Basic Blood and Plasma Tabulations. Posttransfusion Hepatitis. Post-transfusion hepatitis is the most common disease transmitted by blood transfusion and it has a major health impact.
From: Blood and Bone Marrow Pathology (Second Edition), Related terms: Platelet; Dental Procedure; Blood Donor; Transfusion; Acetylsalicylic Acid; Hepatitis B Surface Antigen; Hepatitis B; Hepatitis Non A Non B. Prevalence patterns of HAV infection vary among regions within a country, and in some areas limited data result in uncertainty in endemicity maps, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
Countries where the prevalence of HAV infection is decreasing have growing numbers of susceptible people and are at risk for outbreaks of hepatitis A. early history of posttransfusion hepatitis (pth1) During World War II and the immediate postwar period the demand for blood and blood components in the US increased substantially.
This resulted in the establishment and growth of blood banks, transfusion services, and other blood and laboratory support by: To achieve this goal, countries and regions need to reduce incidence and mortality by 90% and 65%, respectively, by Five strategic directions have been proposed, with understanding the epidemiology of viral hepatitis being the first step toward elimination.
Hepatitis B and C are responsible for 96% of all hepatitis : Hwai-I Yang, Mei-Hsuan Lee, Jessica Liu, Hui-Han Hu. The latest edition of Viral Hepatitis offers an essential resource of current information for hepatologists, gastroenterologists, infectious diseases specialists and other clinicians, researchers, public health physicians and National and International Health Authorities.
Blajchman MA, Bull SB, Feinman SV () Post-transfusion hepatitis: Impact of non-A, non-B hepatitis surrogate tests. Lancet –25 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Bodsworth NJ, Cunningham P, Kaldor J, Donovan B () Hepatitis C virus infection in a large cohort of homosexually active men: independent associations with HIV-1 infection Cited by: The specific risk of posttransfusion hepatitis C is roughly three cases units of blood.(8) However, non-A, non-B hepatitis associated with parenteral drug use doubled in the 7 years from to (9) Even in the absence of other known or suspected risk factors for viral hepatitis, there is an increased prevalence of HCV.
posttransfusion hepatitis (PTH). Until recently, the pathogenesis of liver disease in such patients has been uncertain. With the availability of tests to detect hepatitis C virus (HCV), it has been shown that this agent is a leading cause of PTH worldwide among cases of non-A, non-B hepatitis ().
HBV is also a leading cause of by: However, an estimated 5% to 10% of adults and 85% to 95% of children develop chronic hepatitis B virus infection .The prevalence of HBV infection varies throughout the world [44,48].
Objectives: The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Sweden is estimated to %. Beforeblood transfusion posed a risk of HCV transmission.
The primary aim of this study was to estimate anti-HCV prevalence in Stockholm County among individuals receiving blood transfusions –Cited by: 1. The epidemiology of posttransfusion hepatitis; basic blood and plasma tabulations.
Background: Since the discovery in of hepatitis C virus (HCV) as the infectious agent responsible for the vast majority of post-transfusion non-A non-B hepatitis the patterns of transmission and clinical consequences of this highly prevalent flavivirus have been widely ive: This paper reviews available evidence on the epidemiology of HCV infection in Australia, including HCV Cited by: INTRODUCTION.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health problem. It is estimated that there are million HBV carriers in the world, of whom roughlydie annually from HBV-related liver disease .The implementation of effective vaccination programs in many countries has resulted in a significant decrease in the incidence of new hepatitis B infection.
The second monograph evaluates data on hepatitis C virus, which is the etiological agent in most cases of post-transfusion hepatitis. Following a similar format of evaluation, the monograph concludes that chronic infection with hepatitis C virus is carcinogenic to humans.
This study investigated the epidemiology of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection, among the patients attending the dental clinic of the Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy, Enugu, between July and October BACKGROUND: Since the mid‐s, blood banks in the United States have screened donors for elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in an effort to prevent posttransfusion present study was designed to quantitate the residual value of ALT screening following the implementation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) by: The prevalence of anti-HEV IgG and IgM among patients with clinical signs of hepatitis, negative test for hepatitis A-C, no history of foreign travel and no other cause of hepatocellular.
The pathogenesis of posttransfusion hepatitis was determined in 14 children with β‐thalassemia. All had blood samples obtained in orwere vaccinated against hepatitis B virus in and had another serum sample collected in Seven children had detectable antibodies against hepatitis C virus before vaccination, and all were Cited by:.
A review is given on post-transfusion hepatitis-the most widespread and clinically important type of iatrogenic hepatitis. The diagnostic criteria, the epidemiology and the prognosis of post-transfusion hepatitis are discussed. Prophylactic measures are reviewed in detail.
Biochemical and serological tests on donor blood, including tests for Australia antigen, seem of limited prophylactic Cited by: Worldwide, an estimated – million people have HCV infection. HCV prevalence is highest in Egypt at >10% of the general population and China has Cited by: 2.
Hepatitis B Raphael Mohr, Christoph Boesecke and Jan-Christian Wasmuth Introduction. Approximately one third of the world’s population has serological evidence of past or present infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Despite the availability of HBV vaccines, the global prevalence of chronic HBV infection is estimated to be % (Lok.